Phonics is an effective way to ‘unlock’ words and help children make progress with reading and spelling. The aim with phonics is that children can recognise and process the letters and sounds through a word so fluently that word recognition becomes automatic.

There is a clear, systematic approach to the teaching of phonics at Netherbrook Primary School. It is taught every day in Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1 and these phonic lessons last for 30 minutes. The school follows the Ofsted validated Rocket Phonics Scheme.

We adopt a teaching sequence of: Review, teach, practice and apply. Children are taught in whole class sessions and receive smaller group support where required.

They begin by listening to and distinguishing between a range of sounds and soon progress to learning the sounds that each letter makes. After this, the children begin to build up CVC (consonant/vowel/consonant) and CCVC words. Next, they start to learn what happens when two letters are put together eg. ch, th. They also learn the alternative spellings and pronunciations of a wide range of sounds.

There are six overlapping phonics phases.

Below is a summary based on the Rocket Phonics Scheme: